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IP is an acronym for Internet Protocol. Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numeric label that is assigned to each strategy or device connected to a computer network. Where nodes on the network use Internet protocols to communicate.
In short, an IP Address is the Logical Identifier of a Network's Node or Host connection. Each host in the IP network is assigned a specific number. And this number is IP (Internet Protocol). IP is basically 32 Bit, which is divided into 4 parts by 8 Bit.
According to the version, the IP address is usually divided into two parts.
IPv4 (IP version 4)
The full form of IPv4 is Internet Protocol Version 4. This means that this is the 4th version of the Internet Protocol. The main protocol of the standard Internetworking method is IPv4.
This is 32-bit address space. It is possible to use a minimum of 5 billion addresses. According to network researchers, IPv4 is currently on the verge of extinction.
Example of IPv4 - 188.8.131.52
IPv6 (IP version 6)
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) created a new version of the IP address. Whose name is IPv6. The full form of IPv6 is Internet Protocol Version 6
IPv6 is a 128-bit space. It provides about 340 Undecillion addresses (Undecillion is 340 plus 36 zeros). IPv6 is now used in many places.
Example of IPv6- 2409:4061:4e8f:fa96:b8a4:4631:6f33:49a5
What is ISP?
Full form ISP is Internet Service Provider. An Internet service provider (ISP) is a company that provides web access to both businesses and consumers.
ISP (Internet Service Provider): Throughout the internet, each network prefix must be unique. For the network connected to the global internet, an organization obtains network numbers from the communication company that supplies an Internet connection. Such companies are called Internet Service Providers (ISPs). In India Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) is the main ISP. Internet service providers coordinate with a central organization-the Internet Assigned Authority, to ensure that each network prefix is unique throughout the entire network.
For a private internet, the choice of network prefix can be made by the organization. Often a single network administrator assign prefixes to all network in the company's internet to ensure that the number is not duplicated. Some ISP, charge their users for the amount of data link HTML*, images
and any other data sent via the internet.